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Were the pyramids Tombs?


List of Pyramids....... Tomb?

Pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara
No Mummy
Bent Pyramid
No Mummy
Red Pyramid
No Mummy
 
The Great Pyramid of Giza
No Mummy

Khafre's Pyramid
No Mummy
Pyramid of Menkaure
Wrong
Mummy*
*Pyramid of Menkaure: Richard William Howard Vyse, who first visited Egypt in 1835, discovered in the upper antechamber the remains of a wooden anthropoid coffin inscribed with Menkaure's name and containing human bones. This is now considered to be a substitute coffin from the Saite period, and radiocarbon dating on the bones determined them to be less than 2,000 years old, where as the Pyramid is dated at least 2600 BCE!


Ruined pyramid evidence:

Pyramid of Sahure
No Mummy
Buried Pyramid
No Mummy
2 year old Mummy nearby
Layer Pyramid
No Mummy
Not a burial in complex
Pyramid of Meidum
No Mummy
Not a burial in complex
Pyramid of Djedefre
Destroyed
No Mummy
Pyramid of Userkaf
No Mummy
Pyramid of Neferirkare
No Mummy
(Abusir Papyri, found here)
Pyramid of Niuserre
No Mummy
Pyramid of Neferefre
Mummy remains
Pyramid of Djedkare-Isesi
Mummy Found !!
Pyramid of Unas
Mummy Found!!
If it belong to Unas
is not certain.
(Pyramid texts here)
Pyramid of Merenre
Mummy found!
Thought to be from a
later era but recently
Contested.
(Pyramid Texts here)

Pyramid of Teti
No Mummy
Pyramid of Pepi II
No Mummy
Pepi II
Never found.
canopic chest-
Empty.
Pyramid of Amenemhet I
Burial Chamber
under water
Never discovered
Pyramid of Senusret I
Burial Chamber
under water
Never discovered
Pyramid of Senusret II
No Mummy
Mummies buried
around
Pyramid of Senusret III
No Mummy
Queens Buried
Around
Pyramid of Hawara
No Mummy
+Labyrinth
Pyramid of Amenemhat III
Black Pyramid
No Mummy
+Labyrinth
Southern Mazghuna pyramid
No Mummy
Pyramid of Ahmose
No Mummy
No Chambers


So why do we call them tombs?


Inside every pyramid there is always a large Stone box with a lid impossible to lift by one man. The one in the picture is a single piece of granite in what is known as the kings chamber in the great Giza pyramid. But is it the kings chamber? why no paintings on the wall.... and why does it look like a bombs gone off in that box, explosive enough to rip granite apart?
Obviously Archaeologists from the early 20th century such as Howard Carter, made presumptions based on a knowledge base that was expanding and thats where we today conclude the stone boxes should contain human mummification of previous rulers. Is it time to collect the evidence and see if we can conclude a narrative that fits the Egypt story a little more precisely to unlock the secrets with a new perspective, rather than how we view them under the traditional time line, with so much mystery and unanswerable questions.






The picture above is from Tutankhamens Tomb found by Howard Carter in 1922. It is as you would expect from a God on Earth, which is what to be pharaoh meant to the Egyptians,
His sarcophagus is rounded not sharp squared, almost cosy and beautifully inscribed, his final resting room has had as much attention as you would expect of a Person of divine royal statuer.
The most interesting thing about this picture... is that Tutankhamen wasn't found in a pyramid.... royal Egyptians are all buried in the valley of the kings. Miles away from anywhere.






The illustration above of the Pyramid of Pepi II, shows typical pyramid design,  the so called burial chamber. is always in the middle, when viewed from above and balanced under the point of apex of the pyramid. ,
Immensely large stone blocks weighing up to 200 tons echo the point of the pyramid, Above the burial chamber, encasing the inner chamber like monolithic arrow. These details were extremely hard to do. Suspending five stories of granite would not be a fun past time of an Egyptian, which is a very big clue, that they had to be put there for a purpose and as nobody was meant to see them, it wasn't for decoration.





If you are new to all this you may think in-between the spaces of a pyramid is just sand or concrete, but if we look at the pyramid of Meidum bellow which has lost all its outer stones and casing, we can see pyramids have a block skeleton based around the inner chambers and then encased in the form of a pyramid with limestone blocks... Regarding the great pyramid at Geza, the core had to be built first as the Granite Coffer in the burial chamber was cut from a single piece of granite and is far too big to fit through the stone entrance way.
 


Conclusion

Is it not more apt to say, 'If there is no body, it is not a Tomb?'.







 


 






Examining the sites where Mummies were found.

Pyramid of Neferefre
Mummy remains
This was never built as a pyramid it finished life as a mustaba as it is today,
There is evidence it was meant to be a pyramid with evidence the king died after only 5 years on the throne, which is why they presume the pyramid was never constructed. However There is no definitive evidence it was ever going to be a pyramid at all.  
Pyramid of Djedkare-Isesi
Mummy Found !!
Not only is the pyramid mostly destroyed, The Sarcophagus was found broken to bits. The mummy found inside the chamber was of a 50 year old man no where near the broken coffer. It was thought that the remains must have been those of Djedkare, but given his long reign this would mean that he would have been very young when he ascended the throne for 32 ruling years. Too little is known of the history of this period to be certain.
Pyramid of Unas
Mummy Found!!
If it belong to Unas
is not certain.
(Pyramid texts here)
In the burial chamber itself the remains of a mummy were found, including the skull, right arm and shin, but whether these belong to Unas is not certain.
Pyramid of Merenre
Mummy found!
Thought to be from a
later era but recently
Contested.
(Pyramid Texts here)

Based on the place where it was discovered, in the black granite sarcophagus inside the pyramid, it has been identified as belonging to Merenre I. If this identification is correct, this mummy would be the oldest complete royal mummy known to us today.
G. Elliot-Smith, the Australian anatomist who was in charge of examining the (royal) mummies, considered this mummy to be of a much later date, i.e. probably the 18th Dynasty. The preservation of the mummy and the way it was embalmed, does not seem to correspond with other human remains of the late Old Kingdom signaling the possibility, it may have been put there at a later date

Did the tombs with mummies have the right pharaoh ?

As to date we can not confirm this conclusively, which does lead to the possibility that all the mummies found, could have been moved there at a later date.










ALL THE TOMBS WERE GRAVE ROBBED

That is the official story. Grave robbers, who came in and stole all the mummies. That is also the best retort if you want to debate the perspective of fact explained above and indeed the defending words of the traditional narrative.
While this could be true it does sound like a wingy excuse as the information can be checked in seconds that some of the alleged 'burial chambers' were unopened as were hidden behind trick walls and booby traps such as 50 tone rocks falling from the ceiling.
Grave robbers didn't come in and unpaint the walls in the great pyramids kings chamber. Its all too convenient and as we know  the pharaohs were buried in the Valley of the kings and some pharaohs had up to 3 pyramids built for themselves and didn't even plan to be dead -in any of them, as current evidence suggests.

Pyramid complexes

Most of the Pyramids, do not stand alone on their relevant site. Pyramids are normally part of a complex, comprising of little pyramids and tombs, a funerary complex and necropolis are expected,
Here it is typical to find coffins and sometime sarcophagus of Queens and important family members and royal hands, of the Pharaoh, who was responsible for the site.



by Donald Keyland






 

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