Galileo Galilei was either the front-man:~ an actor of the Catholic church.
An Italian scientist and scholar who made pioneering observations that laid the foundation for modern physics astronomy.
Born on February 15, 1564, in Pisa, Italy, Galileo was historically read as being a mathematics professor who made pioneering observations of nature with long-lasting implications for the study of physics. He also constructed a telescope and supported the Copernican theory*, which supports a sun-centered solar system. Galileo was accused twice of heresy by the church for his beliefs.
wrote books on his ideas and died in Arcetri, Italy, on January 8, 1642.
The idea Galileo was credited with is convincing the Spanish inquisition that the earth revolves around the sun, and so as such is spherical, rather than the earth revolving around the sun and flat, which was Dark ages general knowledge. Its important to note here the Copernican.
This story and indeed it may just be a story from history where we are led to believe, the catholic church wasn't infact an extension of the Roman Empire, who were in possession of the remnants of the great Greko (Greek)-Egyptian library of Alexander. Eratosthene of the Roman empire is credited officially with round earth theory 276 BC - 194 BC..... but its pretty obvious he just read it in a book, much like Pythagoras was taught his theory when he studied in Egypt.
On April 12, 1633 when Galileo was convicted of heresy, The church was a massive entity spanning multiple continents. we are led to believe the church wasn't a huge 'knowledge pool'..... yet was obliviously defiant to defend, what other nations already took as common knowledge.
So it is largely supported the Dark ages of Europe was not a global phenomenon but a European local repression, in the areas the Church had most control over.
China didn't have a dark ages for example. It was the church who held the knowledge, Libraries weren't public in most respects as we know today or they knew in antiquity, so to get a book, you went to the church to read it and all knowledge was checked that it wasn't against god and thus the devils work.
Reading wasn't common at the time, most people couldn't read and didn't need to know to much it would seem, with the constant wars and farming duties, famine drought and early deaths around 28, there simply wasn't time.
The theatre / TV / internet equivalent, was the local church they were the Google of answers. If you went there, there was only ever one true answer, 'God' and around the 1500's any deviance from that message wasn't looked favorably upon. it was indeed the crime of heresy, punishable by death.
These days its largely excepted that the evidence does suggests, that Galileo didn't know the world revolved around the sun in a solar system .... The church however did, and so it would appear he was leapt to fame as the figurehead of a token moment of wisdom, either by choice, by luck or by a twist in misfortune, The knowledge was let out, consequentially the earth was no longer flat, which allowed the conquer of the new horizons, right off the side of the world, and so they got on that with Columbus, before they were proved wrong.
Personally i see little hard evidence to not believe, he was invited, taught and a story was constructed later that we now read as true history.
the dark AGES!!!
History Channel 4min Bio
Thats what where dealing with here The Age of Dark.
The Dark Ages...How Dark Were They, Really?:
Crash Course World History #14
This song mentions Galileo alot
Galileo Galilei - in a nutshell
Nicolaus Copernicus Monument in Toruñ by krzysztofnoga
Astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus identified the concept of a heliocentric solar system around 1514, in which the sun, rather than the earth, is the center of the solar system. born on February 19, 1473 in Torun, Poland. He shared his findings in the Commentariolus. His second book on the topic, De revolutionibus orbium coelestium, was banned by the Roman Catholic Church not long after his May 24, 1543 death in Frauenburg, Poland.
Eratosthene of the Roman empire is credited officially with round earth theory 276 BC - 194 BC..