jamie donkey
sword gossip


'Swords Typically Cut chop or thrust. Not all swords do all three. '

Not everyone in merry old England were allowed to have a sword, in the middle ages. the village baker wasn't allowed to carry one. The same applied to much of Europe. Knights could because they were cool, this was also true of the Samurai in Japan who were the knights of the East. It is said a samurai is defined by his Sword..

Eastern swords and western swords developed on different parallels
Ninjas chose small ones so they can roll and conceal. And the Katana was the most deadly and prized weapon of the samurai.

The Copper Age 3500 – 2300 BCE
The Bronze Age 2500 – 800 BCE
The Iron Age 800 BCE - AD 43
The Steel Age AD 43 -(till carbon fiber Age?)

The Egyptians Persians Aztecs and Greek had copper and later bronze sword. Copper is a soft metal, but if you mix it with tin it becomes a 'new ladder run' in the 'arms race'. Bronze.
Bronze is 3 times stronger than Copper. The low tech metal available for these early bronze age Civilisations were useless at holding an edge. A few hits on Armour and they were blunt and chipped. By halfway through a large battle the armies were bludgeoning each other, with effectively blunt copper bars.
One of the advantages of bronze was it was suitable for casting, and an ideal solution to mass produce to equip a large army.
It was said at the time, those who control the production of bronze, control their territory.

A prestigious Bronze Egyptian slashing, grabbing weapon,
used from 2000 BC – 1300 BC.

With the discovery of Iron, commencing the dawn of the iron age, swords now had weight and strength in their favor, so swords became larger and heavy to harness the metals properties.
A harder and heavier weapon striking a copper weapon would bend, or cut through and was a superior material in the arms race.
Bludgeoning the enemy to death with a heavy metal object that doesn't hold a particularly sharp precise point, reached a new barbaric battlefield height causing most likely blunt-force trauma before slicing and cutting injuries.
Iron is also prone to shatter, so sword fighting was life threatening, if you parried a big attack and your weapon failed on you. The skill of the day we find from literature at the time was to avoid blocking, favoring getting out the way, barging and death strikes. These techniques were the best option in a long battle, so you still had luster within the sword when you needed it.


Iron swords

Needed to be thick bodied to stop them snapping on the first blow to heavy Armour.
The arms race direction had moved from deadly stabs and hacks of bronze to wildly swinging heavy iron objects.

Metallurgy reached the next epoch age of Steel, by adding coal or charcoal carbon to iron.


With Steel, we finally had a weapon that could still be the same shape from the start of the battle to the end, no matter how many strikes a soldier made. The technology brought around new techniques in blocking and counter attacking combos, leading to repeatable techniques and further pushed the art of killing.

A medieval steal sword, normally had a residue or slag. Slag is the name for impurities mixed in with the raw iron ore. Slag made the steal brittle, so not all steel swords were made equally.
There was a reason for this we know today. The average medieval blacksmith couldn't attain a hot enough heat in his furnace to melt the slag away.
There is room within the evidence for some Master Blacksmiths to be hundreds of years more evolved than the civilization next door. To the Medieval populous, these blacksmiths would seem to hold special powers.

the master blacksmiths, were able to harness the strength of iron, the light weight of copper, and the bend of steel. The Best could weave the different metals into a beautiful deadly harmony that a true craftsman could change the outcome of a war with their harness of technology. As a result the blacksmith became highly in demand and were sort out across the lands.



Ulfberht was the name of a sword, such a prize of Viking technology there is evidence of copies made and probably also sold, inferior fakes . The authentic blades had more carbon in and fired at a temperature high enough to remove the slag and other impurities.....

Secrets of the Viking Sword (2012) full

Japanese Samurai Katana VS Blunt European Bastard Sword

Weapons That Made Britain - E01 - Sword
Ancient Aliens Season 3 Ep: 9 "Aliens and Deadly Weapons"

Swords : Complete History of Swords (Full Documentary)








Did Magic swords Exist.

To make steel you add carbon to iron. Although using charcoal in the fire, was the most common place to find carbon, but theres no reason why you couldn't use the ashes of a cremated King or animal. To the Blacksmith working the metal it would seem the ashes of a giant bear, would be worked into the properties of the sword, seeming to give character and properties with the magic of metallurgy, taking 11 hours of bashing an iron ingot .

if you were a King of a large domain it would indeed be able to find meteors new and from times gone by within the Realm. It would be entirely possible these could have been melted down for use, in special swords.
A weapon made of a foreign material, even just steel, but in the copper age, would indeed cut through a copper sword with a good blow and indeed seem entirely magical.
The copper, iron, steel age, we take dating from are what we have evidence for as widespread human knowledge.
This didn't mean everybody learnt copper, Iron or Steel at the same time.
It is highly possible, a blacksmith master craftsmen would keep the manufacturing techniques a military secret telling only his apprentice from generation to generation. A good Blacksmiths was an essential member of a conquesting army. Battles being battles, fraught with danger In the line of fire not all armies won. The death of the blacksmith, sometimes become the last line of generations of knowledge with secrets dying with the blacksmith. Military secrets would be exactly the kind of thing we won't find evidence for in history and so we can presume many secrets were lost fore ever, countless times.

To take one Historic example:

Alexanders battle of Gaugamela pitted 47,000 in the Macedonian army
52-87 000 in Darius's Persian army. Military strategy and training account for most of the deaths, but metal technology was no doubt a key factor in the pages of history.
Alexander, like every battle he ever faught.... Won.


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